Insurance Terminology You Need To Know: Part V

We believe that people should know and understand exactly what their insurance policies say and mean. But insurance companies purposely use a lot of jargon and complicated terminology that the average person could never (or would never want to) wrap their heads around. That’s why we’re going to do it for you. Here are a few insurance-related terms that you might find in any policy you’ve purchased, and what they mean.

Actual Cash Value

This term refers to the value of repayment requested after a financial loss (most usually due to property damage). You’ll also see it coupled with the word “indemnification,” which refers to the protection of one party when a third party is damaged. 


This term refers to the professional responsible for determining the level of risk that an insurance company might be willing to accept. The actuary determines the equations for calculating premiums, dividends, etc.


If you ever need to cash in on a policy, then the insurance adjuster is the one who will investigate your claim. Basically, the adjuster’s job is to never give you an inch and not give you the company’s money unless a certain standard is met. They determine the claim’s worth in relation to the policy’s cash value.

Admitted Assets

These are an insurer’s valuations for specific assets. You’ll find them on the balance sheet.

Advance Premiums.

Normal premiums are the price you pay — usually once a month — once you’ve agreed to purchase a policy. An advance premium means you’ve paid…in advance. 


Insurers refer to anyone who is under the insurer’s control as an affiliate.


These are the insurance lackeys who sell their services. They don’t always work for the insurance provider. Sometimes providers will ask a third-party for sales work.

This word refers to the most money you can have returned from a single loss (total coverage).